Pet Dental Care & Dental Disease

Pet Dental Care at Clondalkin Animal Clinic

pet dental careThe most effective way to maintain good oral hygiene is to brush your pet’s teeth. There are many kinds of toothpaste and gels available for animals. Never use human toothpaste.

If your pet doesn’t tolerate the toothbrush there are a variety of products that you can add into food and water to prevent plaque and tartar build-up and bad breath.

Feeding dry food helps to reduce the build-up of plaque as it doesn’t stick to the gums and teeth like wet food does. Dental doggie chews also help to reduce plaque build-up. Please be aware though that they can be high in calories.

In advanced cases, we may recommend having your pets’ teeth professionally cleaned. This is a procedure which is done under general anaesthesia. This involves cleaning the teeth with a de-scaling device, teeth removal if needed and polishing of the teeth.

How Can We Help?

Our Vets and Nurses can check your pet’s teeth. We can help you choose the best way to minimise dental problems and if necessary advise you if your pet needs a dental procedure.

Not only dogs and cats need dental care. It is also very important to get your rabbit teeth check regularly. Rabbit’s teeth can overgrow and that can cause your bunny to become very sick. Plaque and tartar contain bacteria that can enter the bloodstream and spread around the body affecting the heart, kidneys and liver.

Our vets can perform a dental procedure that involves cleaning, de-scaling, teeth removal if necessary and polishing of the teeth. This is a surgical procedure which does involve general anaesthesia.

Our vets will perform a thorough clinical exam on the day to ensure that your pet is in good health and fit for surgery. A medical history will also be taken. Our vets will ask you about any pre-existing conditions, vaccinations status and any previous anaesthesia. As each pet is different we may decide to run a pre-anaesthetic blood test, which gives us a clear indication of your pet’s overall health.

We advise that your pet is fasted from 8 pm the night before the operation to prevent reflux of the stomach contents entering the lungs (pulmonary aspiration of the stomach content).

 

Pet Dental Care

Dental Disease

It is estimated that 80% of cats and dogs over 3 years of age have dental disease. Here are 3 signs of dental decay:

  • Gingivitis- inflammation of the gums. Your pet will need an ultrasonic de-scale and polish to reverse the signs. We recommend a dental within the next 3 months to prevent getting to stage 2.
  • Periodontitis-a general term for a disease of the oral cavity that attacks the gum, bone and delicate tissue around the teeth. We recommend a dental within 2 months.
  • Pyorrhea- inflammation of the gums and tooth sockets. Often leading to loosening of teeth and accompanied by pus. We recommend a dental immediately.

How to Brush Your Pet’s Teeth

  • Step one: Start by getting your pet used to having their mouth handled by lifting up their gums and running your fingers along their teeth from the front to back. Do this for a few seconds every day to start with.
  • Step two: Put some pet toothpaste on your finger and rub along your pet’s teeth. If they do not like this at first place some on your finger and let your pet sniff and lick it off your finger then gradually start to put on your pet’s teeth.
  • Step three: To introduce the brush let your pet sniff it first then gently lift up the gums and rub it along the teeth for a few seconds and gradually build it up to a couple of minutes.
  • Step four: Add some toothpaste to the brush lift up the gums and start to move along each tooth in a circular motion. Move from front to back.
  • You should aim to brush your pet’s teeth twice a week.

How to Keep Your Pet’s Teeth Clean

We recommend feeding your pet dry food which helps with to scrape plaque off the teeth as they bite down on the kibbles. Larger biscuits are more effective at cleaning teeth.

We also recommend a product called Plaque Off which contains all natural supplements. It is added to the food to prevent plaque and tartar build-up and bad breath.

Doggie chews also help to reduce plaque build-up but will only remove up to 30%. Logic is also recommended here. It is multi-enzyme gel toothpaste. It breaks down plaque and fights bad breath and is very easy to use.

 

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